Speak Musical Italian - Tempo, cont

 

Allegro joyful; lively and fast Moderately fast
Sostenuto sustained A slowing of tempo, often accompanied by legato playing
Fermata stopped    Marks a note to be held
Presto ready   Very fast
Prestissimo very ready Very very fast
Accelerando accelerating Accelerating
Affrettando  becoming hurried  Accelerating
 Allargando slowing and broadening  Slowing down and broadening, becoming more stately and majestic, possibly louder
Ritardando  slowing Decelerating
Rallentando progressively slower  Decelerating
Rubato robbed Free flowing and exempt from steady rhythm
Tenuto sustained Holding or sustaining a single note
Accompagnato accompanied The accompaniment must follow the singer who can speed up or slow down at will
Alla marcia as a march In strict tempo at a marching pace
A tempo to time Return to previous tempo
L'istesso tempo Same speed At the same speed